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Complete the chart by identifying the following:
- Identify the countries or areas where the United States engaged in imperialistic actions during the period from about 1870 to 1914.
- Discuss why each area was important to American empire building (political, economic, and social).
- Explain America’s expansionist ideals. What were some of the factors that justified American imperialist actions?
- Identify the current political status of these places in relation to the United States.
Age of Imperialism: 1870 to 1914
Why was there interest?
Answer each of the following prompts with a response of at least 200 to 300 words:
- Trace the path of American imperialism during the period from about 1870 to 1914 through political, military, and economic events. Why was the United States interested in expansion in these areas? Why was America building a global empire?
- What were the benefits of America’s imperialistic actions for the people in these countries or areas? What were the disadvantages? How would you describe their experiences in terms of being conquered, assimilated, or marginalized?
- What were the moral implications of American imperialism? How did Imperialists justify their actions? How did the Anti-Imperialists justify their position? Consider the role of race, economics, science, and religion.
- What significance did the Spanish-American War have in the development of the United States as an empire and world power?
- Do you think the United States is currently an imperialist country? Why or why not?
Cite and reference all information sources according to appropriate course level APA guidelines.
After a bitter debate over how best to use American troops in World War I, it was determined that they would serve under General John J. Pershing, but accept the final strategic authority from the Allied Supreme Commander, Marshall Ferdinand Foch of France. Initially, American troops were used piecemeal to plug up holes and to drive Germans back, when possible. By 1918, American troops were fully engaged. They secured their first victory in May, at Cantigny, just north of Paris. They suffered terrible losses in June at Belleau Wood, but still claimed victory.
The real turning point came at the second Battle of the Marne, in July, where the combined efforts of the French, British, Italians, and Americans counteracted the German offensive and drove the Germans eastward. Notably, Americans soldiers, fresh to the war effort and not weighed down by years of fighting, provided a decisive edge. In the fall of 1918, Pershing lost over 100,000 men as he and the other Allied leaders continued to push the Germans back. By October 1918, Americans were behind German lines cutting supply lines, and in November 1918, Germany surrendered.
Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper in which you describe the specific role played by American troops in the Second Battle of the Marne, and in the months that followed between the battle and the German surrender in November 1918.
Include the following points in your paper:
- Analysis of the role played by American troops in the Second Battle of the Marne, and subsequent engagements with the Germans
- Discussion of weaponry used by soldiers in World War I, including but not limited to bayonets, flamethrowers, machine guns, pistols, mustard gas, rifles, tanks, and trench mortars
- Discussion of the soldiers’ experiences, including but not limited to fighting in the trenches, the smell, boredom, lice, rats, food, common injuries, and battlefield engagement
Format your paper according to appropriate course level APA guidelines.