PLAGIARISM FREE/ PLEASE SEE FILES FOR REFERENCE OF WEEKS 1-3. To better understand criminal behavior, we must also understand the elements of the crimes that are being committed. From this, we can cor

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PLAGIARISM FREE/ PLEASE SEE FILES FOR REFERENCE OF WEEKS 1-3.

To better understand criminal behavior, we must also understand the elements of the crimes that are being committed. From this, we can correlate crime and behavior while working toward predicting outcomes.

Use the theories presented in Wks 1-3 to complete the assignment.

Choose three different crimes:

  • 1 crime against persons
  • 1 crime against property
  • 1 drug-related crime

Answer the following prompts in 350 to 525 words for each crime chosen:

  • Define each crime and its elements using your home state’s penal code (online).
  • Evaluate each crime and determine which theory of criminality best applies. Explain your answer.
  • Speculate about what type of person is likely to commit the crime, and why.

Cite your sources according to APA guidelines.

Submit your assignment.

PLAGIARISM FREE/ PLEASE SEE FILES FOR REFERENCE OF WEEKS 1-3. To better understand criminal behavior, we must also understand the elements of the crimes that are being committed. From this, we can cor
Criminality Based on Biological Factors Name Institutional Affiliation Criminality Based on Biological Factors Case Summary A woman named Andrea Yates from the United States was judged to be responsible for the deaths of her five children in 2001 after they were found drowned in the bathtub of their house. It was discovered during her trial, which drew a lot of attention from the media, that at the time of the crimes, she was suffering from acute postpartum depression in addition to psychosis. This information came to light as the trial progressed. Yates had a history of mental illness and had been hospitalized on multiple occasions for feelings of hopelessness and suicidal ideation prior to the murders. It was determined that she was displaying signs of postpartum psychosis, which is a severe form of postpartum depression. In addition to hallucinations, these symptoms also included delusions and paranoia. She was checked into a mental health hospital when it was determined that she could not have committed the crime since she was mad, which was the reason why she was exonerated (Huckerby, 2003). Genetic/Physiological Evidence There is evidence to suggest that Yates’ genetic makeup, as well as her physiological state, could have been an influence in her illegal conduct. This theory is supported by the fact that Yates has been charged with a crime. Because Yates’s family has a history of both mental illness and suicide, it is reasonable to assume that she may have inherited some predispositions that make her more likely to acquire mental illness. Research has shown that postpartum psychosis is associated with a reduction in some hormones, such as estrogen and progesterone, which may have had a role in her mental condition. In addition, her mental state may have been affected by the fact that her hormone levels dropped after she gave birth. It’s possible that this played a role in the symptoms that she was experiencing. In addition, research has shown that people who have postpartum psychosis may be at a higher risk of engaging in aggressive conduct than the general population. Behaviors Aligning with Psychopathy Yates’ actions do not appear to be consistent with the kinds of behaviors that are typical of those who have been diagnosed with psychopathic disorders. A lack of empathy, regret, or remorse, as well as a contempt for the rights of others, are a few of the defining criteria that can be used to diagnose psychopathy. Other characteristics include a disregard for the rights of others. On the other hand, Yates had a history of mental illness and was said to be “emotional and regretful” when she was taken into prison at the time of the murder. This was during the time that the crime was committed. This was going on at the same time that the illegal act was being carried out. Additionally, her behavior before the killings gave the impression that she was battling with her mental health and was looking for methods to live with her condition to function normally in her daily life. This image was generated because of her behavior before the killings (Case, 2020). Positivist Perspective The scenario with Andrea Yates is a fantastic example of how the positivist worldview could be put into effect, and it serves in this capacity as an illustration. According to this line of thinking, some predispositions are more likely to result in criminal activity than others. A person’s genetic makeup, as well as their current physiological state, are both examples of such predispositions. The fact that Yates’s family has a history of both mental illness and suicide lends credence to the hypothesis that she may have inherited certain predispositions that make her more prone to acquiring the mental illness. Additionally, her altered physiological state at the time of the killings, which may have been caused by the postpartum depression she was experiencing, may have been a factor in her conduct of committing the crimes. Her postpartum depression played a role in influencing this aspect of the situation. This transpired as a consequence of the fact that, soon after giving birth to her child, she started feeling down in the dumps. Classical/Neoclassical Perspective The neoclassical view of crime is supported by the evidence that has the most weight, which is the judgment of guilty and the punishment handed down in the case of Andrea Yates. When determining an appropriate punishment for the offender, the mental state of the criminal and the circumstances that led to the commission of the crime should be considered. The offender should receive a punishment that is customized to the offender (Yates, 2012). According to this point of view, the offender should get a penalty that is customized to the offender. In the case of Yates, it was ruled that she was not guilty of the crime due to the fact that she was insane; accordingly, as a result of this judgment, she was confined to a psychiatric facility. This is a sort of punishment that takes into account her mental condition and her particular circumstances, and it is tailored to fit her needs in light of those aspects since it is customized to match those requirements. References Case, A. Y. (2020). Reflections of an Expert Witness in the. Infanticide and Filicide: Foundations in Maternal Mental Health Forensics, 179. Huckerby, J. (2003). Women Who Kill Their Children: Case Study and Conclustions Concerning the Differences in the Fall from Maternal Grace by Khoua Her and Andrea Yates. Duke J. Gender L. & Pol’y, 10, 149. Yates, A. (2012). Supporting parents of young children with severe disabilities: An action research study (Doctoral dissertation, Fielding Graduate University).
PLAGIARISM FREE/ PLEASE SEE FILES FOR REFERENCE OF WEEKS 1-3. To better understand criminal behavior, we must also understand the elements of the crimes that are being committed. From this, we can cor
CJS/231 v5 Criminology Name CJS/231 Part 1: Crime, Criminality, and Criminal Justice Term Definition Example Crime It is an action or omission against the law or constitution, thus leading to punishment. For example, failing to stop at a red light can lead to fines and lawsuits. Criminality They are the behavior or activities that lead to crime against social regulations. Therefore conduct that breaks the laws. An example is a domestic abuse. Criminal justice They are the bodies tasked with law enforcement, including the police, judges etc. For example, when is arrested for illegally driving without a valid license. Deviant behavior They are the behavior against the regulations and codes of society. Informal deviance includes behavior against social norms, while formal is behavior against rules and regulations An informal example is standing close to another person or picking the nose. Formal is violence, murder etc. Part 2: Research and Theory Explain what a theory is and the purpose of developing theories in criminal justice. I theory includes the formal elaboration of a phenomenon and the usage of variables to prove the explanation. Through a theory, one develops numerous ideas seeking to examine something unbiasedly. Additionally, theories may include principles that have been thought cautiously after observing or experimenting with the natural world situations and then introducing hypotheses and facts. (Moeller, 2018). Generally, we can understand more about human behavior and current social norms through the existing theories. In the criminal justice system, theories are used to determine how a crime occurs and how it can be addressed and prevented in future; that is why they are transformative and restorative theories. Through restorative theory, we understand how to deter people from committing a crime and restore order. For example, jail terms, fines and lawsuits are used in the process. At the same time, transformative seeks to develop corrective models in addressing crime within society. However, the criminal justice system sets examples for society with the current offenders through strict punishments, fines and jail terms. However, there are rehabilitative programs geared towards changing the current environment of the offender and preventing crime from occurring in future. Describe the role research plays in theory building in criminology. Research is a systematic and scientific process that seeks to explain, predict and control phenomena. Generally, within the criminology field, the research is essential to understand why different crimes occur based on behavior and develop relevant measures to prevent such crimes from occurring in future. Therefore the research questions the behavior and validates various explanations. (King & Wincup 2008). Additionally, we can understand different criminal conducts in society through research since it involves continuous data collection and analysis to gain insights and relationships between crime and occurrences in society. Therefore the analysis is a significant step in the research process to help in decision-making and conclusion regarding the nature of the crime. Controlled experiments are also conducted to give criminology precedence on why different reasoning and crime occur. Therefore through research, behavior and guides are developed to characterize the current phenomenon. Finally, the research plays an essential role in building criminology through discovering new ideas and understanding why negative behavior occurs in society leading to crime. Generally, the research is essential to deeply understand the situation with the society and understand motivations that lead to negative behavior observed. Explain how criminological research affects social policy. Through research and development, we generate new ideas and policies that would not have been noted without proper analysis of data. Additionally, it ensures there is a progressive and diverse promotion of justice. The research is normally performed by independent scholars, media personalities etc., for the development of new ideas, restoring justice and public pressure. (Wincup, 2017). Therefore the results of a research process are normally used when developing a new policy or updating the existing policies to ensure justice within society. Therefore the research normally collects data and analyzes it to develop various recommendations for promoting security when developing new policies. For example, cybercrime is currently a new field that was previously underestimated, and few policies have been formulated. However, through research, new policies were created seeking to protect customers’ data, privacy and sharing of information without consent. Therefore if research was not done, it would have been difficult to understand the impacts of cybercrimes on privacy breaches. Generally, the research helps to provide policymakers with different viewpoints they should consider during the formulation of new programs. This ensures there is better protection of society while protecting the conventional norms. References Wincup, E. (2017). Criminological research: Understanding qualitative methods. Sage. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=9s0qDgAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=criminological+research+affects+social+policy&ots=TizPnDQYwv&sig=eTU74RqcCqAt2CuIInGXDCJMtWc King, R. D., & Wincup, E. (2008). The process of criminological research. Doing research on crime and justice, 2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=Il2GbeyQb5gC&oi=fnd&pg=PA13&dq=criminological+research+affects+social+policy&ots=F9ZekU6edp&sig=eHWC0mdGZbH13wWocOVjFmuyeIc Moeller, K. (2018). Drug market criminology: Combining economic and criminological research on illicit drug markets. International Criminal Justice Review, 28(3), 191-205. https://www.crimrxiv.com/pub/hj6x23t6/download/pdf Copyright 2019 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved.

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