Humanities- cultural traditions

Are you pressed for time and haven’t started working on your assignment yet? Would you like to buy an assignment? Use our custom writing services for better grades. Even if your deadline is approaching fast, our writers can handle your task right when you need it.


Order a Similar Paper Order a Different Paper

QUESTION

This week’s discussion post is about what you take to be the strengths in each of the featured individual’s work. 1. Which of Confucius’ teachings did you find most valuable and which least valuable? Why? 2. Which of Ptah Hotep’s teachings did you find most valuable and which least valuable? Why? 3. What, in your view, were the strongest parts of Hortensia’s speech, and why? Why do you think it ended up being effective? THE ANSWER NEED TO HAVE 500 WORDS AT LEAST.

INSTRUCTIONS

YOU NEED TO READ THE BACKGROUND OR THE INTRODUCTION TO HAVE AN IDEA OF WHAT YOU GOING TO READ.

SECOND, YOU NEED TO READ CAREFULLY THE 3 TEXTS IN ORDEN TO RESPOND.

LASTLY, JUST USE FEW CITATIONS, EVERYTHING HAS TO BE IN YOUR OWN WORDS.

I ATTACHED THE 3 READINGS

BACKGROUND OR INTRODUCTION

NOTES ON HORTENSIA’S SPEECH BEFORE THE SECOND TRIUMVIRATE

A. Hortensia
Hortensia was well-educated, studying Greek and Roman literature and history, and the daughter of Quintus Hortensius, a famous orator. She married but was widowed in 67BCE. Because women were generally excluded from politics in ancient Rome, it is only because of unusual circumstances that her gifts as an orator were discovered.

B. speech before the Second Triumvirate
In 44BCE Julius Caesar was assassinated (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. by a group of conspirators who were worried that Caesar wanted to be the king of Rome and abolish the republic. After Caesar’s death, Marc Antony became the most powerful man in Rome, despite that Caesar had named his nephew, Gaius Octavius, his heir. In order to eliminate the conspirators who had assassinated Caesar, Marc Antony, Gaius Octavius, and another powerful man, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, formed a triumvirate (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..

To accomplish their goals they created a list of people they deemed condemned, killed them, and confiscated their property. Because this did not produce the full amount of money they needed they decided to impose a heavy tax on 1,500 wealthy Roman women to raise more funds. The women were furious about being required to finance a civil war, particularly because they had no voice in public policy. Furthermore, many of them had male relatives murdered by the triumvirate and their wealth confiscated, so all that many of them had left was their dowries.

To protest, the women chose Hortensia to be their spokesperson. She pleaded their case before the triumvirate, who were outraged by having their authority challenged (especially by women, perhaps) and attempted to have the women sent away. However, the next day they relented, reducing the number of women required to pay the tax from 1,500 to 400.

C. Questions to Think About
1. Did the fact that Hortensia’s speech took place in public impact the outcome?

II. Notes on Confucianism

A. Confucius
Confucius was a teacher, philosopher, and public servant who lived from 551-479ish BCE. He was the first Chinese philosopher to develop a systematic, complete philosophy (much like Plato did for Western civilization around the same time). He was born into a poor but noble family during a time of great conflict, when the Zhou dynasty (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (China’s longest lasting dynasty), was beginning to collapse.

In his twenties he became a teacher and it was in that capacity that he really shone. He accepted all worthy students without regard to money or social position. He primarily taught ethics, music, history, poetry, and ceremonial rites. His greatest desire was to be a powerful government official, but it never came to pass.

He died at 73 and was buried in his native town.

B. The Analects
Confucius considered himself a transmitter of culture and tradition, rather than an original thinker (but he was both). In Chinese tradition, value is attached to being in accord with the teachings of the great scholars who came before, which meant that the more completely that new ideas were cloaked in the teachings of the masters, the more likely they were to be accepted. Confucius excelled at this.

In the Analects he managed to collect and organize hundreds of years of philosophy into a coherent whole. This week’s reading includes a great introduction, which you are expected to read, to the life and times of Confucius, as well as a discussion of the structure of the Analects.

A bit more about Confucius’ teachings: unlike Western religious traditions, Confucianism focuses Earthly problems–what is the role of government?, how can families get along?, and so forth. Like all Chinese traditions, Confucius’ teachings honor the ideas of balance and harmony, person and society, and the notion that each has its place and is dependent on the other. So it will come as no surprise that Confucius was an advocate of order in society and actually advocated for a one world government. He argued that there are three essentials for good government: adequate arms, plenty of food, and the confidence of the populace.

C. Questions to Think About
1. Was living in a chaotic era what made Confucius so keenly aware of the importance of order in both personal and political affairs?

III. NOTES ON PTAH HOTEP’S MAXIMS

A. Ptah Hotep
Ptah Hotep was a city administrator and political advisor who lived in ancient Egypt in the late 25th-early 24th century BCE. Not much else is known about his life, but his tomb is said to have exception depictions. You can see them (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. for yourself by watching this video:

Link (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.Tomb of Ptah Hotep

B. The Maxims
The Maxims are intended to instruct young people in appropriate behavior, particularly in regards to human relations and focusing on virtues like self-control, trustworthiness, and compassion. The broader goal of the work is to contribute to the maintaining of social order. This explains why the book includes instructions for everything from proper table manners to proper conduct in court.

The book also argues that human knowledge is always incomplete and that this is why it is important to learn what we can from each and everyone we meet. It also holds that the right way to teach is by leading, with openness and kindness.

C. Questions to Think About
1. In what ways do the specific lessons presented in the reading contribute the overarching goal of the Maxims to promote virtues such as trustworthiness and compassion?

Writerbay.net

Most students find it hard to finish papers at some point in their studies. If it ever happens to you, don’t get desperate—we have a service for every writing emergency! Whether you’re stuck with a problem, equation, or a piece of creative writing, we will definitely come to your rescue. Fill in the order form with the details of your paper. Write your personal instructions so we can meet your expectations.


Order a Similar Paper Order a Different Paper