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Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
A scientist wishes to represent the location of an earthquake in California. Which type of model is most appropriate for this purpose?
[removed] Computer simulation
Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Which of the following resulted from the growing consensus within the scientific community as to the accuracy of the Big Bang theory?
[removed] New scientific laws were created.
[removed] An older theory was supported.
[removed] Older theories were disproved.
[removed] New problems were considered untestable.
Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
When a local farmer found oil bubbling to the surface in one of his fields, he reported the information to a group of scientists. After 30 years of experimentation, the scientists develop a new theory about how oil formed beneath this location. How do you know that this information is really a theory?
[removed] The theory proves a scientific law.
[removed] Most of the data were unobservable.
[removed] The theory was developed over time.
[removed] The data describe a natural phenomenon.
Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
When a scientific investigation produces evidence that does not support the hypothesis, what can you conclude about the investigation?
[removed] A law has been formed.
[removed] A theory remains accurate.
[removed] A theory has been disproved.
[removed] More investigations need to be completed.
Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Which type of model is represented in the following image?
[removed] Computer simulation
[removed] Small-scale object
Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Which of the following statements is true regarding both theories and laws?
[removed] Test problems
[removed] Require consensus
[removed] Lead to hypotheses
[removed] Explain data
Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
A pair of scientists proposes two different theories to explain the same set of observations. Which of the following best explains the value of these competing theories?
[removed] Competing theories can be a source of new, testable ideas.
[removed] Competing theories are necessary to transform a theory into a law.
[removed] Competing theories generate controversy that helps popularize ideas.
[removed] Competing theories allow scientists to combine the most interesting aspects of both theories.
Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Scott stated the following series of observations. Which represents a theory?
[removed] I observed three stars in the sky.
[removed] The stars give off light.
[removed] Light travels at 300,000 kilometers per second.
[removed] Stars are balls of hot gases.
Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Which of the following objects would require the use of a large-scale model?
[removed] An atom
[removed] A car engine
[removed] A frog’s heart
[removed] The Mississippi River
Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Which best describes how equations are used in science?
[removed] An equation is a type of graph.
[removed] An equation is a type of theory.
[removed] Equations use symbols to represent data.
[removed] Equations show the locations of distant objects.