chronic illness – stigma

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In this paper you will select a nursing concept from the list provided below.

Caring

Comfort

Coping

Empathy

Empowerment and powerlessness

Hardiness and resilience

Dignity

Empathy

Facilitation

Fatigue

Recovery

Grief

Diversity

Humour

Loneliness

Shame

Suffering

Trust

Vulnerability

Body Image

Chronic Illness: Stigma

Life span issues of the nurse

Palliative care: children/ adolescents/ older adults

  • You will apply the pertinent theoretical concepts to a clinical situation from your past or present nursing experience (not personal
    life experiences). This paper offers you the opportunity to analyze a
    practice issue in light of enhanced knowledge and personal awareness.
    The paper must follow APA format. Marks will be deducted for improper
    APA format.
  • Should you wish to present on a topic not on the above list please consult with your instructor.
  • Should
    there be any issues within the group membership it is an expectation
    that these issues will be brought to the attention of the course
    instructors and will be addressed with the members and course
    instructor.

The application paper should include:

  1. an introduction to the scope of the paper and a conclusion that captures the essence of your discussion.
  2. a description of the clinical situation to be analyzed.
  3. the identification of the relevance of the topic/clinical situation to you both personally and professionally.
  4. the identification, discussion, and analysis of 2 issues of the concept within the clinical situation.
  5. discussion
    of how theory related to the concept (from the scholarly sources/
    articles) facilitates your understanding/interpretation of
    issues/aspects of the clinical situation.
  6. how your analysis of the clinical situation utilizing theory related to the concept will influence your future nursing practice.
  7. conclusion/ summary
  8. theoretical content that must be clearly related to the situation you are discussing
  9. headings.

N.B. “Theory”
identified in 6. does not refer to Nursing Theory or Theorists (e.g.
Watson, Roy and their models). It refers to the scientific information
contained in the scholarly readings – those in all readings listed with
the class concept and/or any scholarly material related to the concept
you have chosen.

Length of paper: 5-6 typewritten pages (excluding title page and reference pages).

Due date of paper: Week 9.

Provided
below is a detailed explanation of the requirements of each of the
above sections (# 1-9). Should you have any questions about your paper
please be sure that you contact your instructor and ask your questions.

Detailed Requirements for Paper

The
following provides you with a detailed explanation of the requirements
for the paper. Consider this to be the recipe for success in the writing
of your paper. I encourage you to print the details included below and
follow them carefully as you construct your paper.

Step 1

You
will need to select 1 concept from the list of concepts that are
provided above. In consideration of your choice of concept you are
encourage to think about one clinical situation you will be presenting/
exploring/ discussing in your paper and ensure that the two are
compatible, if they are not

  • consider exploring and presenting a different clinical situation.
    or
  • consider exploring another concept that is relevant to the situation.

Step 2- Description of Clinical Situation

Write
a description of the clinical situation that you are going to present
in the paper. This description should not be more than 1/2 page in
length. Within this description you should provide an overview of the
situation so that the reader has a brief but clear understanding of what
occurred in the situation.

Once
you have done this, reflect on what you have written and make sure that
your description includes the two issues that you are going to talk
about latter so that your instructor can clearly see that they existed
in the situation.

For
example if your paper was about the concept of Music Therapy (note:
this is not a concept being covered this year in this course) three
issues that might be part of the clinical situation may be: 1) the
client experienced a decrease in pain with the use of music therapy; 2) a
sense of empowerment with the ability to choose his music and 3) the
physiological impact on his blood pressure and pulse from his listening
to music.

It
is important to remember that sometimes a “concept” can become an issue
in another concept. For example “stigma” maybe an issue in the concept
of “body image” just as “powerlessness ” maybe an issue in chronic
illness.

It
is important that the two issues of the concept you are exploring are
present in the paper. Remember, this is an application paper, you will
be exploring the two issues of the concept through how they presented in
the clinical situation not how they present in general within society.

Please
note that a definition of a clinical situation for this paper is: the
events of 1 client within 1 time frame. This means that you will be
talking about 1 person’s experiences during 1 episode/ event of their
life.

There
are a few clinical situations that have been received in some papers in
the past that were not acceptable clinical situations and thus this was
reflected in the students’ grades. These included but were not limited
to:

  • presenting the clinical situation as being: a unit at work, a hospital, a country.
  • rather than talking about 1 client presenting more then 1 client in the clinical situation.
  • presenting a clinical situation that is not about a client you cared for: rather it is a family member’s experience.
  • using yourself as a client in any of the topics not identified as being acceptable to do so.

Remember
that this is an application paper you are exploring the concept through
the lens of your experience as a nurse and your interactions with a
client. This section should not be longer then 1 page in length.

Step 3- Relevance of topic/ situation to Me Personally and Professionally

This
step is reflective in nature. We are asking you to reflect on and
identify why you chose this concept/ clinical situation to talk about.
There was something that stood out above all the other concepts/
experiences that you have had during your professional life and I am
interested in hearing about this.

We
are interested in hearing about the professional relevance. For
example, how will this exploration allow you to grow professionally or
what impact did the situation have on you professionally?

We
are also interested in hearing how the situation impacted on you as a
person. This section in your paper should be no longer than 1/2 page in
length.

Step 4

You
have previously identified your concept and the 2 issues of the 1
concept that you will be exploring, discussing and analyzing in the
clinical situation. It is at this point I recommend that you carry out a
review of the literature. Please do not use
the words “I carried out research on the topic” in your paper, this is
not a correct statement to make or to include in your paper. Should you
wish, you could say “I reviewed the available literature on the topic”.

I
suggest that you gather the articles that are relevant to the 1 concept
and each of the two issues and make 2 piles: one pile of articles for
each of the issues. As you go through each article in each pile take 2
colored highlighters and mark the content that is relevant to issue 1
(highlight in red) and the content that is relevant to issue 2
(highlight in blue). Once you have done this you have easy color-coded
access to content that is relevant to each issue.

The
articles that you use/ include in your paper should be within 5
published years unless they are seminal and then they can be older.

Step 5 – Identification, discussion and analysis of the two issues

During this step you will do the following:

  1. with issue one, describe the issue as it presented in the clinical situation. This should be 1-1/2 pages in length.
  2. with
    issue two repeat the above process- describe the issue as it presented
    in the clinical situation .This should be 1 page in length.

Once
you have done this for each of the issues, go back to the one page
documents and add the relevant theory/ content from the articles you
have selected. It is important that the content that you include be
relevant to the issue as it has been presented in the clinical
situation. For example if the issue in your clinical situation is about a
9 year old who is experiencing stigma from friends it would not be
appropriate to include content that discusses stigma that older adults
experience from their friends.

Each
of the two issues (within the clinical situation) should be identified/
presented and discussed and analyzed. During the analysis process, the
theory/content from relevant articles (6 sources) is integrated into the analysis- to provide you and the reader with greater understanding of the issue within the situation.

For example you might want to talk about how a specific excerpt of content from an article:

  • increases your understanding/ interpretation of issues/ aspects of clinical situation.
  • supports the actions that you took in the situation.
  • how the content/ position in an article is opposite from your experiences in the situation.

The
theoretical content must be clearly related/ linked back to the
situation you are discussing. For example if you are talking about an
issue of family support and yet the theory you are presenting is talking
about support from distant friends although this theory maybe
interesting and informative it is not relevant to the issue.

We
always encourage students (including ourselves when writing papers) to
look back at what theory (content) that we have included and to ensure
that it is relevant for the issues being discussed and if it has nothing
to do and does not support my analysis and discussion of that issue we
remove it and look for more relevant theory that is specific to what we
are wanting to discus.

We
encourage you to go back and ensure that you link each piece of theory
(discuss it within the context of the issue) as you present in the paper
to show the relevance/ your understanding.

This section should be about 2 pages in length.

Step 6 – Discussion/ analysis of how future practice may be influenced

In
this section you will discuss how your analysis of the clinical
situation and theory presented in the paper may influence your future
nursing practice. I encourage you to bring examples from your analysis
section (the previous section). This section should be about 3/4 pages
in length.

Step 7 – Conclusion or summary

In
this section you need to first make the decision to write either 1) a
conclusion for your paper or 2) a summary. Your decision should be
reflected in the heading you use. So if you are choosing to write a
summary the heading used should be: “Summary” and if you are writing a
conclusion then the heading should be: “Conclusion”.

The
two are very distinct. A summary provides the reader with an overview
of some of the key elements in the paper. A conclusion is an
afterthought, sometimes reflective in nature providing the reader with
insight to your final ” aha” of the paper. Both are considered
acceptable and receive the same weight in the grading process.

This section should be about 1/2 page in length.

Step 8 – Introduction

You
maybe asking why we have suggested that you wait to write the
introduction until after you have written the paper? The reason for this
is that your introduction should provide an overview of what will be in
the paper and what the reader has to look forward to. Some would say
you really cannot say what will be in your paper until you write it.

Your introduction should include the following:

  • Identify the concept that you will be presenting
  • Identify the 2 issues of the concept that you will be exploring
  • Identify what the reader will read about in the paper in a sequential order. For example:
    Within
    this paper I will explore the xxxx concept and yyy and, zzz, issues. A
    clinical situation will be presented in which I will explore each of the
    above issues. As well, I will discuss briefly both professionally and
    personally why I have chosen to present this situation. I will discuss
    and analyze each of the above issues as they presented in the situation
    and after this I will discuss how my future practice may be influenced
    by the contents of the paper. Finally, I will present a brief summary of
    the paper.
  • The introduction should be a paragraph in length

Some additional considerations for the paper

  • Headings must be used. We have provided you with all the headings that are APA formatted
  • Keep the grading sheet near you as you complete your paper and before you submit your paper go through it to ensure you have met each of the criteria.
  • Prior to your submitting your paper, review your paper using the student self-feedback sheet.
    If during your review you check off “somewhat” or “no” in any section
    please ensure you go back to this section in your paper and make any
    additions/ changes that may need to be made.
  • The length of the paper is 8-10 pages including the title and reference pages.

Headings:

The following headings should be used in your paper.

Introduction

Description of Clinical Situation

Discussion of Relevance of Clinical Situation/ Topic to Student Both Personally & Professionally

Identification, Discussion, and Analysis of 2 Issues of the Concept Within the Clinical Situation

Issue 1:

Issue 2:

Discussion/ Analysis of How My Future Practice May be Influenced

Conclusion/ Summary

feedback sheet for the paper

The grading/ feedback sheet that will be utilized is provided below.

Introduction:

Yes

No

Provides an overview of paper

Identifies concept to be addressed in paper

Identifies issues of the concept in the clinical situation

Clearly states

Concisely states

Description of clinical situation:

Yes

No

Provides sufficient detail

Clearly states

Discussion of relevance of clinical situation/ topic to student both personally & professionally:

Yes

No

Discusses relevance of clinical situation/ topic to student personally

Discusses of relevance of clinical situation/ topic to student professionally

Identification, Discussion and Analysis of the Issues

Identification,
discussion, and analysis of 2 issues of the concept within the context
of the clinical situation that was presented:

Integration of ideas and theory from different scholarly references in the discussion and analysis of the issue:

Instructor’s notes/ course note provided by any instructors in class /on line are excluded]
There
is an expectation that the literature that is included will be linked
back and discussed within the context of the issue as it is presented in
the situation

Minimum of 6 scholarly references are included: articles and chapters from published books

Issue 1:

Issue 1:

Exceptional

Exceptional

Excellent

Excellent

Good

Good

Satisfactory

Satisfactory

Minimal

Minimal

Absence

Absence

Issue 2:

Issue 2:

Exceptional

Exceptional

Excellent

Excellent

Good

Good

Satisfactory

Satisfactory

Minimal

Minimal

Absence

Absence

Discussion/ analysis of how future practice may be influenced:

Yes

No

Identifies and discusses how analysis of the issues and theory may influence

future practice

Provides sufficiently details

Clearly states

Conclusion/ Summary:

Yes

No

Captures the essence of paper

Overview of content presented and discussed in paper:

Grasp of subject matter:

Comprehensive grasp

Good grasp

Satisfactory grasp

Minimal treatment of the subject matter

Superficial treatment of the subject matter

Demonstration of ability to organize and present ideas logically and fluently:

Superior

Excellent

Good

Satisfactory

Minimal

Absence of

Demonstration of originality, creativity, and critical thinking

Exceptional

Good

Satisfactory

Minimal

Absence of

Originality

Creativity

Critical thinking

Format of paper:

Yes

No

Title page:

Name/ student number, course number, University, teacher’s name, date due

Length: 10-12 pages

Use of headings

APA format:

Correct

Essentially correct

Occasional minor errors

Multiple errors

Does not utilize guidelines correctly

Font 12

Direct quotes

Indirect quotes

References

Pagination

GRADE __

Expected method of submission:

The
paper can be submitted anytime up to the last day of class during week
12 of the course. The paper is to be submitted to your instructor.
Details of how the paper is to be submitted will be posted by your
instructor.

Student self-feedback/ grading tool for application paper:

After
you have written your paper we recommend that you carry out a
self-evaluation/ self grading of your paper using the tool provided
below. This will assist you in identifying the strengths of your paper
and areas in your paper that need additional consideration (attention/
work) before you submit it.

All
sections that have a “yes”; “somewhat” and “no” box. If you select
“somewhat” or “no” this states that your paper could benefit with
further attention. After you have been successful in achieving a “YES”
with each row in each section I suggest that you are ready to submit your paper for review and grading by your instructor.

Yes

Somewhat

No

Title page

I have included the following:

Title of paper

My name/student number

Name of university

Name of course and section

Date and year of submit

Introduction

  1. I have included a heading in this section.
  2. I have provided an overview of the paper including: identified the concept, the issues to be discussed
  3. I
    have identified in sequence what will be provided in the paper e.g. in
    this paper the following will be presented and discussed…
  4. This section is well written- sentence structure, grammar, paragraph minimum of 3 sentences.
  5. This section is clear and concise.
  6. This section is 1 paragraph in length

Description of the clinical situation

  1. I have included a heading in this section.
  2. I clearly provided enough details about the clinical situation so that the reader will gain an understanding of the situation
    This section well written- sentence structure, grammar, all paragraphs should have at least 3 sentences in each.
  3. This section is about 3/4 of a page in length.

* With
the following concepts: horizontal violence, life span issues of the
nurse and self care- I may have used myself as the client- please note
in all other topics (concepts) the clinical situation needs to be that
of a client.

* The word “I” can be used throughout my paper.

The identification of the topic/ clinical situation to me both personally/professionally

  1. I have included a heading in this section
  2. Within
    this section, I have spoken about the personal relevance of the topic
    (concept) and/or the clinical situation e.g. to personal growth,
    reflection on one’s own life.
  3. Within
    this section, I have spoken about the professional relevance of the
    topic (concept) and/or the clinical situation e.g. to professional
    growth and development, reflection.
  4. This section is well written- sentence structure, grammar, the paragraph should contain at least 3 sentences.
  5. This section is about 1/2 page in length.

Identification, discussion and analysis of the 2 issues

Issue #1:

  1. I have identified, discussed and analysed the issue as it presents in the clinical situation.
  2. I have integrated theory into the analysis & discussion of the issue.
  3. Each piece of theory that I have included is clearly linked back to/discussed within the context of the situation.
  4. This section is well written- sentence structure, grammar, the paragraphs should contain at least 3 sentences.

Issue #2:

  1. I have identified, discussed and analysed the issue as it presents in the clinical situation.
  2. I have integrated theory into the analysis & discussion of the issue.
  3. Each piece of theory that I have included is clearly linked back to/discussed within the context of the situation.
  4. This section is well written- sentence structure, grammar, the paragraphs should contain at least 3 sentences.

Overall in 1 & 2:

  1. I have included headings in each section.
  2. I have always discussed both issues and all the theory included within the context of the situation.
  3. This section is about 6 pages in length.
  4. Within this section, 6 different references (articles) have been included/sourced throughout.

Discussion and analysis of how future practice may be influenced by my review of the concept, situation and theory

  1. I have spoken to how my review of: the concept, issues, theory could influence my future practice.
  2. This section is well written- sentence structure, grammar, the paragraphs should contain at least 3 sentences.
  3. This section is about 3/4 of a page in length.

Conclusion or summary

  1. I have included a heading in this section.
  2. I have included either a conclusion or summary -not both and the heading and content included reflects the choice.
  3. This section well written- sentence structure, grammar, the paragraphs should contain at least 3 sentences.
  4. This section is about 1/2 page in length.

Reference page

  1. I have 5th edition, APA formatted each of my references.
  2. Each of the sources cited in the paper have been included in the reference list.

Complete the following throughout the paper

  1. I have ensured that all theory: direct and indirect quotes have been sourced.

Highlight
all direct quotes in your paper pink and highlight all indirect quotes
in your paper yellow. This allows me the opportunity to see what theory I
have included in the paper.

  1. I
    have reflected on the balance of direct quotes versus indirect quotes
    included throughout the paper and there appears to be very few, no
    direct quotes.
  2. I have changed all possible direct quotes to indirect quotes-by rewording ideas and key points in my own words.
  3. I have identified all sources of theory have been identified and APA formatted these throughout the paper.
  4. I have ensured that no “back to back” quotes or “cut and paste” quotes are present in my paper.
  5. I
    have reflected on the number of quotes versus my comments, thoughts and
    ideas throughout the paper and there appears to be good balance.
  6. The margins
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