Choose one of the six articles we have read so far: “Intro to Globalization” Once you select your article, you will create an annotated outline to summarize what you have learned. I want to see that

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  • Choose one of the six articles we have read so far:

    • “Intro to Globalization”
  • Once you select your article, you will create an annotated outline to summarize what you have learned. I want to see that you can successfully synthesize the key terms, concepts, debates, and theories posed in the articles. Some reading and note-taking tips:

    • Some of the readings can be dense and challenging, but my goal for you is to identify and analyze the central themes and arguments put forward, not necessarily the specific details.
    • It is more engaging and helpful to write down notes while you are reading the articles to help you better comprehend what you are learning.
    • You will encounter some terminology you are not familiar with–don’t skip over them! I advise students that if there is a vocabulary word/term/concept you are unfamiliar with, to Google the definition.
    • Be patient! Learning how to write–whether it’s essays or annotated outlines–takes time, practice, and effort. I am still learning how to write better myself (and I still Google big vocabulary words I don’t know the definition of!)

Choose one of the six articles we have read so far: “Intro to Globalization” Once you select your article, you will create an annotated outline to summarize what you have learned. I want to see that
Charles Miller (Insert Your Name Here) September 4, 2022 SOC360:Globalization, Fall 2022 Quiz 1: Intro and History of Globalization Citation (just list the title of the reading): “The Local and the Global: Anthropology of Globalization and Transnationalism” Key Points: (note: the following annotated outline comes from an unrelated article and is designed to be an example of what I am looking for) 1) anthropology increasingly believes in drawing from and understanding history and the other social sciences, particularly sociology and political economy 2) he argues that history matters in the study of anthropology but that anthropologists have done a poor job of incorporating history Summary from Section 1: 1) Political Economy: investigation of the economic foundations of dif ferent polities and societies and how they change over times 2) “People without History” is a phrase derived from Marx and Engels a. used to indicate their lack of sympathy with national separatist movements in Eastern Europe b. the title was chosen to challenge those who think that Europeans were the only ones who made history c. 1400 is the starting date he chose because of European contact with other societies everywhere d. he argues that these historical developments are not isolated from one another but rather are inextricably intertwined e. human society cannot be understood unless we situate them in an interconnected relationship between space and time 3) Marxian tradition: “Systems Marxism” vs “Promethean Marxism” a. “Systems Marxism”: wants to be science, a disciplined body of rational and logical postulates that could be used to develop laws of social development in history and across space b. “Promethean Marxism”: hope for human liberation from economic and political exploitation c. W olf argues that this book is an example of “Systems Marxism”, especially via the ways that commodity production and trade connected the people who produced the goods and the people who consume the goods d. Capitalism (for the purposes of this book): interplay of capital accumulation and labor power , but it takes on many forms and assumes many dif ferent guises Summary from Section 2: 1) W olf argues that history is essential for the study of anthropology so we can both study society as well as counteract the dominance of the human science that sought out formal and rational understandings and solutions to problems rather than a holistic inquiry into the human condition 2) Anthropology must be reworked around a new historically oriented political economy 3) Social historians and historical sociologists, but not anthropologists, have shown that the “common” people have been active agents in history . a. They were its victims and silent witnesses b. Anthropologists must uncover the history of “the people without history”—the active histories of “primitives,” “peasantries,” “laborers,” “immigrants,” and “besieged minorities” 4) Laws are created by humans for humans. McGee and W arms touch on this discussion of power , law, society , and discourse. They state, “He argued that social relations between people are characterized by dominance and subjugation. Dominating people or classes control the ideological conditions under which knowledge, truth, and reality are defined” (W olfe 2008, 64). ( example of how to cite quotes ) Purpose, Argument, and Analysis: 1) Purpose of the book: What dif ference would it make to our intellectual understanding if we looked at the world as an interconnected whole, a totality , a system, instead of as a sum of self-contained societies and cultures? Both over space and time 2) Marx argued that men make their own history but not under conditions of their own choosing a. Humans make history under the constraint of relationships and forces that direct their will and their desires 3) Societies emerge as constantly changing arrangements of social groups, segments, and classes, without either fixed boundaries or stable internal constitutions 4) Anthropologists must also reconsider their understandings of “culture” a. Meanings are not inherent; they are imposed by humans b. The ability to bestow meaning—to “name” things, ideas, and acts—as a source of power c. Control of communication allows those with power (owners of idealogy) to set the categories through which we perceive reality d. Conversely , those with power get to decide and deny the existence of alternative categories, to assign them to the realm of disorder and chaos and invisibility (both socially and symbolically) e. Ideological categories are laden with power and are not merely instrumental aspects of social relations. They are used to essentialize aspects of reality
Choose one of the six articles we have read so far: “Intro to Globalization” Once you select your article, you will create an annotated outline to summarize what you have learned. I want to see that
Neoliberalism is a construct created to frame lar ge-scale changes in economic, political and cultural institutions and policies that can be traced to 1978-80 when Deng Xiaoping began to liberalize the socialist economy in China, Mar garet Thatcher was elected Prime Minister of Great Britain, and Ronald Reagan was elected President of the U.S. IV . A Brief History of Neoliberalism David Harvey says that neoliberalism is a theory of political economic practices which proposes that human well-being is best advanced by liberating individual entr epreneurial fr eedoms and skills within an institutional framework defined by strong private pr operty rights , fr ee markets , and fr ee trade A. The basic neoliberal economic project involves the following: 1. Der egulation of economic transactions 2. privatization of state enterprises 3. Use of market pr oxies (e.g., contracts, public-private partnerships) in residual public sectors B. The role of the neoliberal state (government) is to preserve an institutional framework suitable for the above practices, including a legal and regulatory framework adequate for markets to function C. Neoliberalism requires reference points to make sense. Two reference points to neoliberalism are classical liberalism and embedded liberalism ( Keynesianism ) 1. Classical liberalism is the doctrine advanced by classical political economists like Adam Smith and John Stuart Mill that society is best built on formally fr ee choices made by rational citizens who seek to advance personal interests and goals in a competitive market economy . a. This implies society is best or ganized based on a fr ee market economy and free, monetized exchange where the state pr omotes maximum latitude for individual fr eedom of action . b. Only in a free market economy can the invisible hand of the market regulate investment and employment through operation of the law of supply and demand . 2. Embedded liberalism (or Keynesianism ) is a blend of market, state, and democratic governance where public investment in economic demand maintenance and economic regulation facilitates economic growth, trade, and prosperity . a. the Gr eat Depr ession of 1929 is often identified as the beginning of a period of Keynesian policies in many advanced capitalist countries that featured gr owth of the welfar e state (social security , unemployment, insurance), restrictions on finance capital, and the recognition of labor rights and labor unions .

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