Answer the following question. About 150 â€“ 200 words for each question
1. Watch the video: Need to Know: Prison Reform
Citing specific examples from the video, from the standpoint of both cost ( i.e., tax-payer expenditures) and public safety, how do alternatives to mass incarceration, like rehabilitation (e.g., re-entry courts), actually reduce costs and provide more public safety? Consider, for example, what the nationwide effect might be if more states and municipalities adopted the approach described in Texas.
2. watch the video: Broken Justice
With a prison population at over 2.2 million, and since most prisoners will be released back into society, that translates into over 650,000 ex-offenders released back into society every year. Making sure theyâ€™re ready and that they wonâ€™t recidivate has thus become a significant criminal justice policy (and public safety) challenge. According to criminologists, there are three key elements of successful re-entry: employment, transitional housing, and receiving mentoring and community support. With reference to specific examples, then, how is Marylandâ€™s pilot program designed to address these elements? Taken together, in addition to employment, why is it thought that the real challenge is in getting ex-offenders â€œlife-readyâ€ as well?